Are you thinking about becoming an excellent gardener? How about you start easy by learning some common gardening terms? This post shall uncover some basic gardening terms you need to know
- Perennial – A plant that survives beyond one year.
- N-P-K – Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, the most common ingredients used in plant fertilizers.
- Hybrid – The result of cross-pollinating plants. A hybrid is usually healthier and more resistant to adverse environmental conditions as compared to its parents. You can produce a hybrid yourself, or it can happen through natural cross-pollination.
- pH – Loosely translates into the power of Hydrogen. It is a unit used to measure how acidic or saline your soil is. These measures are interpreted in a pH scale. The pH scale ranges from 1 to 14, with values between 0 and 7 being acidic, 7 being neutral and values over 7 considered as basic. Highly acidic soils will score a pH not greater than 3 while highly alkaline soils score values above 10.
- Humus – A brown or black organic substance that you make by decomposing plant or animal matter. You can use decaying leaves, twigs or decomposing food to make humus.
- Mulch – Materials you spread over the surface of soil and around your plants to trap as much moisture as possible. They are great for stabilizing the temperature of your soil as well as helping with weed control. Examples include wood chips, leaves, straw and grass clippings.
- Soil erosion – The removal of the upper layers of soil by water, wind, animals or other agents. Usually, with effect that the soil left behind is less nutritious than it was.
- Soil leaching – The process by which too much water seeps into the soil, washing away excess nutrients. Unlike soil erosion, soil leaching is a necessary procedure used to purify soil and make it more productive.
- Deciduous plants – Plants that shed every fall.
- Air plants – Plants that grow without needing any soil. Instead, they grow by winding around other plants, fences and other structures. They lead an epiphytic life, as they do not benefit from those other plants in terms of minerals salts. All they need is support.
- Biennial – A plant that dies when it reaches 2 years of age. Such plants produce foliage the first year and flowers the second year. Examples include celery and carrots.
- Aeration – The process of loosening the soil so as to make it less compact. Water, mineral salts, fertilizer and air is then easier to penetrate such soils. Aeration is normally done during the hot and dry weather conditions.
There are hundreds of more gardening terms to learn. But the above are fairly basic for anyone eyeing gardening.